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Monday, 14 November 2016

A Detailed Look at ISO 14001:2015 Part 3: Planning


6.1 Actions to address risks and opportunities

1. General 


Details the requirements to establish, implement and maintain the processes needed to:

  • Understand the organisation and its context;
  • Understand the needs and expectations of interested parties;
  • Set the scope of its environmental management system and determine the risks and opportunities, related to its: 

    • Environmental aspects
    • Compliance obligations
    • Other issues and requirements identified by the organisation that need to be addressed to:

      • Give assurance that the environmental management system can achieve its intended outcomes
      • Prevent, or reduce, undesired effects, including the potential for external environmental conditions to affect the organisation;
      • Achieve continual improvement. 

The organisation must maintain documented information of it’s:

  • Risks and opportunities that need to be addressed;
  • Processes needed to the extent necessary to have confidence they are carried out as planned.


2. Environmental aspects


Details the requirements, within the scope of the environmental management system, to determine the environmental aspects of its activities, products and services that it can control and those that it can influence, and their associated environmental impacts, considering a life cycle perspective.

When determining environmental aspects, the organisation must take into account:

  • Change, including planned or new developments, and new or modified activities, products and services;
  • Abnormal conditions and reasonably foreseeable emergency situations; 

The organisation must determine those aspects that have or can have a significant environmental impact -  significant aspects.

The organisation must communicate on its significant environmental aspects among the various levels and functions of the organisation, as appropriate.

The organisation must maintain documented information of it’s:

  • Environmental aspects and associated environmental impacts;
  • Criteria used to determine its significant environmental aspects;
  • Significant environmental aspects.


3. Compliance obligations 

Details the requirement for the organisation to;

  • Determine and have access to the compliance obligations related to its environmental aspects;
  • Determine how these compliance obligations apply to the organisation;
  • Take these compliance obligations into account when establishing, implementing, maintaining and continually improving its environmental management system.


4. Planning action 

Details the requirement to plan:

  • To take actions to address its:
    • Significant 
    • Environmental aspects;
    • Compliance obligations;
    • Risks and opportunities.

  • How to:
    • Integrate and implement the actions into its environmental management system processes;
    •  Evaluate the effectiveness of these actions. 

6.2 Environmental objectives and planning to achieve them 


1. Environmental objectives  

Details the requirements for the organisation to establish environmental objectives at relevant functions and levels, taking into account the organisation’s significant environmental aspects and associated compliance obligations, and considering its risks and opportunities.

The environmental risks must be:

  • Consistent with the environmental policy;
  • Measurable (if practicable);
  • Monitored;
  • Communicated;
  • Updated as appropriate.

The organisation must maintain documented information on environmental objectives.


2. Planning actions to achieve environmental objectives 

Details the requirement for the organisation to determine:
  • What will be done?
  • What resources will be required?
  • Who will be responsible?
  • When will it be completed?
  • How the results will be evaluated, including indicators for monitoring progress towards achievement of its measurable environmental objectives?

The organisation must consider how actions to achieve its environmental objectives can be integrated into the organisation’s business processes.

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